This post is pinned and will be updated periodically.
Learning about wallets Is important before you buy bitcoin. The material below should also be helpful in the pursuit of Bitcoin knowledge and is generally listed from easy and simple, to complex and thorough.
“Magic Internet Money” by Jesse Berger is not available for free, but it's well worth the $20 and likely one of the single best resources listed.
The Bullish Case for Bitcoin, medium article by Vijay Boyapati in Mar 2018. It has only sharpened with age, like a fine wine or cheese.
Introduction to Bitcoin and Bitcoin for Beginners playlist by Andreas M. Antonopoulos (many videos, short and long).
You can also watch him speak before the Canadian Senate Banking and Commerce Committee on October 8th 2014.
“The Bitcoin Standard” by Saifedean Ammous is primarily a study of the history of money and an introduction to hard money economics.
“The Theory of Money and Credit” by Ludwig Von Mises was first published in 1912. It explains what money is, how and why it has value, providing one of the most valuable basis for later works about hard money, including “The Bitcoin Standard” listed above.
“Human Action” by Ludwig Von Mises was first published in 1940. It discusses how economies function, specifically how individual action is the centerpiece of economy. If you want to learn hard money economics – what bitcoin hopes to enable in the world – this is the book to read.